For the past 70 years, carbon dioxide emissions have increased quickly. In the upcoming decades, they are anticipated to stay constant, but at a relatively high level. It is anticipated that the growth in carbon dioxide emissions in developing nations will be countered by emission reductions in industrialized economies.
Global Carbon Dioxide Emissions, 1850–2040. Source: World Energy Outlook
Where Do CO2 Emissions Come from?
Fossil fuel combustion
Burning coal, oil, and gas for energy in power plants, transportation, and heating produces carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions.
Manufacturing, construction, and other industrial processes emit carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gasses (GHGs) such as methane, nitrous oxide, and fluorinated gasses.
Agriculture and forestry
Deforestation, livestock, and fertilizer use in agriculture contribute to GHG emissions, especially methane and nitrous oxide.
Landfills and waste treatment facilities release methane emissions from decomposing organic materials.
Cars, trucks, ships, and airplanes emit carbon dioxide and other pollutants from the combustion of fossil fuels.
Reducing carbon emissions requires comprehensive strategies that address all of these sources. Net-zero strategies aim to achieve a balance between the amount of GHGs emitted and the amount removed from the atmosphere, to halt the negative impacts of climate change.
Net Zero Strategies
There are various NetZero strategies that can be used to reduce carbon emissions and achieve a more sustainable future. Here are some examples:
One of the most important NetZero strategies is transitioning to renewable energy sources such as wind, solar, and hydropower, which generate electricity without emitting carbon dioxide.
Implementing energy-efficient technologies and practices in buildings, transportation, and industry can reduce the demand for energy, and thus, decrease carbon emissions.
Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage (CCUS)
CCUS technologies capture carbon dioxide emissions from power plants and industrial processes and store them underground or use them for other purposes, such as enhanced oil recovery.
Nature-based solutions such as reforestation, afforestation, and land-use management can help capture and store carbon in plants and soils.
The circular economy model aims to reduce waste and increase the efficiency of resource use, thereby decreasing the demand for energy and materials and reducing carbon emissions.
Replacing fossil fuels with electricity in transportation, heating, and industrial processes can significantly reduce carbon emissions.
Implementing a price on carbon through mechanisms such as carbon taxes or emissions trading systems can incentivize individuals and businesses to reduce their carbon emissions.
These NetZero strategies are not mutually exclusive, and a combination of these approaches may be necessary to achieve the goal of net-zero emissions. We at Oasis Park are committed to achieve NetZero carbon emissions by 2050 through those strategies.