Warms the Planet Causing Climate Change
Carbon dioxide plays a critical role in the Earth’s climate system. It acts as a greenhouse gas by trapping heat and preventing it from escaping into space. This natural greenhouse effect is necessary to maintain a habitable climate on Earth.
However, the excessive accumulation of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere has caused the Earth’s temperature to rise, leading to various environmental impacts such as rising sea levels, extreme weather events, and ecosystem disruptions.
Harmful effects of CO2 on the environment are due to its molecular structure; CO2 absorbs and emits infrared radiation, trapping heat, which is the core reason for climate change. Extreme weather, food supply disruptions, and increased wildfires are other effects of climate change caused by high CO2 and other greenhouse gases.
To Reduce Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Emissions
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a colorless, odorless gas in the Earth’s atmosphere. It’s one of the most important greenhouse gases, which is essential for keeping our planet warm and habitable. It’s called carbon dioxide because it contains two atoms of carbon and two atoms of oxygen. Carbon dioxide traps heat from the sun like a blanket.
Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas produced by animals like cows and sheep. It’s what we breathe out – when the body breaks down carbohydrates and fats. It’s also released when we burn fuels like coal or gasoline. So it’s no surprise that our planet has a lot of carbon dioxide in its atmosphere. It makes up about 0.04% of the air on Earth (that’s 400 parts per million).
But the carbon dioxide levels in our atmosphere have increased steadily since the beginning of the industrial age. This increase is due to human activity like burning fossil fuels (like coal or oil) and clearing forests. Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere warms the planet, causing climate change. Human activities have raised the atmosphere’s carbon dioxide content by 50% in less than 200 years. As these activities continue to change our planet’s climate, we’ll need to take action to reduce carbon emissions and find other ways of reducing global warming.
Human activities have significantly increased the concentration of carbon dioxide emissions through various sources and activities. Some examples include:
Trees are crucial in reducing carbon dioxide emissions and combating climate change. Through photosynthesis, trees absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and convert it into oxygen, which is then released back into the air. Additionally, trees store the carbon they absorb in their trunks, branches, leaves, and roots, acting as carbon sinks.
It is estimated that 1 kilogram of wood contains approximately 450 to 500 grams of carbon, translating to around 1.65 to 1.80 kilograms of carbon dioxide. This highlights how trees and forests serve as vital carbon sinks, effectively reducing the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.
By planting more trees and preserving existing forests, we can enhance carbon sequestration, reduce carbon emissions, and promote a more sustainable environment.
Carbon sequestration works by storing or capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases before they can enter the atmosphere.
There are many different approaches to carbon sequestration, but one that is commonly discussed is carbon capture and storage (CCS). CCS involves capturing CO2 from an emission source, compressing it, and transporting it to a site where it can be safely isolated from the atmosphere for long-term storage.